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The Valley of the Kings is a remarkable archaeological site in Luxor, Egypt, situated on the west bank of the Nile River. This location is renowned for its series of pharaonic tombs, constructed to house the remains and treasures of rulers from Egypt’s New Kingdom.

Here are some fascinating and unique secrets about the Valley of the Kings:


Serving as a royal burial

ground for nearly 500 years—from the 16th to the 11th century BC—the Valley of the Kings contains over 60 tombs. Many archaeologists believe numerous undiscovered tombs still exist in the area.


Pharaohs believed in an afterlife

, and their tombs were designed to secure their journey into the next world. These tombs were filled with spells, elaborate decorations, and treasures to assist them in the afterlife.

valley of the kings

3-The site was selected for its natural pyramid-shaped peak, el-Qurn, which was thought to symbolize the primordial mound from which Egyptians believed creation emerged.

4-Unlike earlier pyramids, New Kingdom tombs were hidden to protect them from grave robbers. Their entrances were often concealed and camouflaged.


The most famous tomb, that of Tutankhamun

, was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922. It gained fame due to its wealth of treasures and its mostly intact state. The death mask of Tutankhamun, crafted from gold and inlaid with colored glass and semi-precious stones, is its most iconic treasure.

6-KV5, initially designed for the sons of Ramses II, is one of the largest and most intricate tombs in the valley. It was forgotten and only rediscovered in 1995.

7-Most tombs followed a similar design: a descending corridor, a series of chambers, and a burial chamber that often contained a sarcophagus. The walls and sarcophagi were lavishly decorated with scenes from Egyptian mythology.

8-The depictions inside the tombs were not merely decorative but served as guides for the pharaohs in the afterlife, with verses from the “Book of the Dead” and the “Book of the Gates” frequently illustrated.


The so-called “curse of the pharaohs”

—a supposed curse on those who disturb the mummy of an Ancient Egyptian, especially a pharaoh—is believed by some to have caused several untimely deaths associated with Tutankhamun’s tomb. However, this is largely considered a myth propagated by the media.

10-The Valley is divided into the East Valley, where most royal tombs are located, and the West Valley, which has only a few tombs.

valley of the kings .luxor

11-The valley and its tombs reflect shifts in religious beliefs and burial practices during the New Kingdom, such as the transition from the worship of Ra to Osiris.

12-High temperatures and the dry climate have helped preserve the tombs, but modern tourism and natural erosion pose threats to their condition.

13-Many tombs feature ancient graffiti, providing valuable insights for archaeologists about past visitors.

14-The “opening of the mouth” ceremony was believed to restore the senses of mummies and statues in the afterlife.

15-In modern times, tombs have undergone conservation efforts, and photography is restricted in most to preserve artifacts and wall paintings.

16-The underground layout of the Valley and its tombs is still being explored, with technologies like ground-penetrating radar used to detect hidden chambers.

17-Once brightly colored, many tombs have faded due to exposure to air and light. Conservationists are working to understand and prevent further deterioration.

18-Not all tombs are royal; some were constructed for high-status nobles and even animals.

19-There are theories about undiscovered tombs within the valley, including the potential untouched tomb of Queen Nefertiti, possibly hidden within existing tunnels.

20-Visiting the Valley of the Kings offers a journey back in time, providing a glimpse into ancient Egypt’s beliefs, artistry, and their efforts to honor and protect their dead.

If you willing one day to visit this special place check this link here for more details and special offers.

Written by ATW June 2024

Best travel guide tips for Luxor


Luxor is an open musuem and one of the most important monumental cities on earth. as it has alone one-third of the world’s monuments . name of Luxor was given by Arabs to the city which means in Arabic language the palaces as when they came to it they surprised with the great collection of temples that looks like palaces for them .

The history of luxor
The Golden Age of Luxor was during the Egyptian New Kingdom (1549—1069 BC). as it served was the capital of the country. The great military successes of the pharaohs of this time made the Egyptian kingdom very wealthy and powerful .

luxor temple

The main attractions in Luxor .

Karnak Temple Complex:

Explore the vast Karnak Temple, one of the largest temple complexes in the world, dedicated to the god Amun.

Luxor Temple

Visit Luxor Temple, a stunning temple complex on the east bank of the Nile River, dedicated to the rejuvenation of kingship.
Valley of the Kings:

the Valley of the Kings

Discover the Valley of the Kings on the west bank, where you can explore the tombs of famous pharaohs like Tutankhamun and Ramses II.

Valley of the Queens:

Adjacent to the Valley of the Kings, this valley contains the tombs of many queens and royal children.

Hatshepsut’s Temple :

Marvel at the Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, a unique and impressive structure set against the cliffs of Deir el-Bahari.

Colossi of Memnon:

See the towering statues of Amenhotep III known as the Colossi of Memnon on the west bank.

Luxor Museum:

For a closer look at artifacts from Luxor’s ancient past, visit the Luxor Museum, housing an impressive collection of statues, jewelry.

Activities you can do while you are in Luxor

Hot Air Balloon Ride:

Experience a breathtaking sunrise hot air balloon ride over the Valley of the Kings and the Nile River.

Felucca Ride:

Enjoy a traditional felucca boat ride on the Nile, providing a relaxing and scenic way to see the city.

Sound and Light Show:

Attend the Sound and Light Show at Karnak Temple or Luxor Temple for a captivating evening that brings the ancient history to life.

valley of the kings

Important tips before going to Luxor


Best Time to Visit Luxor:

The winter months (November to February) are ideal for visiting Luxor when temperatures are milder.

Dress Modestly:

Respect the local culture by dressing modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.

Stay on Both Banks:

Consider staying on both the east and west banks to maximize your time and experience in Luxor.

Guided Tours:

Hire a knowledgeable guide to enhance your understanding of the historical significance of each site.

Local Cuisine:

Try local dishes like koshari, ta’ameya (Egyptian falafel), and kofta.

Sun Protection:

Bring sunscreen, a hat, and sunglasses, as the sun can be intense, especially during the summer months.

if you willing to visit Luxor check this link Luxor travel guide for more important information and activities that you can do there .

Written by ATW Updated May 2024

The Valley of the Kings, located on the west bank of the Nile River near Luxor in Egypt, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. It served as a royal burial ground for pharaohs and powerful nobles during the New Kingdom period 3500 years ago. Here are some key details and secrets of this fascinating site:


Purpose of the valley of the kings :

The Valley was primarily used to bury pharaohs, along with some high-ranking officials, to protect their bodies and possessions for the afterlife.

2. Location: Nestled in the Theban Hills, it is divided into the East Valley, where most of the royal tombs are located, and the West Valley.


Discovery of the valley of the kings:

The Valley has been a focus of archaeological exploration since the 18th century, with systematic excavations beginning in the early 20th century.

4. Tomb Count: Over 60 tombs have been discovered, each varying in size and complexity, with the most famous being the tomb of Tutankhamun (KV62).


Tutankhamun’s Tomb:

Discovered by Howard Carter in 1922, it was one of the most intact and richly furnished tombs, offering immense insights into ancient Egyptian burial practices.


Construction Techniques of the valley of the kings:

Tombs were carved into the limestone cliffs, featuring corridors, chambers, and elaborate decorations.

7. Hidden Treasures in the valley of the kings: Many tombs were filled with valuable artifacts, though most were looted in antiquity.


Curse of the Pharaohs:

Legends about curses associated with disturbing the tombs have persisted, especially after the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb.

9. Wall Paintings: Tomb walls are adorned with intricate paintings and hieroglyphics depicting the pharaohs’ journey to the afterlife and religious texts like the Book of the Dead.

10. Security Measures in the Pharaohs tombs: Ancient Egyptians employed architectural tricks and traps to deter tomb robbers, though many were still breached.

valley of the kings

11. KV5: The tomb of the sons of Ramesses II is one of the most extensive, with over 120 chambers.

12. Pharaohs Buried: Notable pharaohs buried here include Seti I, Ramesses II, and Thutmose III.

13. Mummification: The process of preparing the dead for the afterlife included embalming and wrapping, often taking up to 70 days.

14. Recent Discoveries in the vally of the kings: Archaeologists continue to uncover new findings, such as hidden chambers and previously unknown tombs.

15. Valley of the Queens: Nearby, this site was used to bury queens and royal children.

16. Conservation Efforts: Modern initiatives aim to preserve the tombs from threats like flooding, tourism, and environmental damage.

17. Hieratic Graffiti: Workers often left graffiti in the tombs, providing unique insights into their lives and work.

18. Deir el-Medina: The nearby village where the tomb builders lived, offering valuable information about their daily life.

19. Religious Beliefs: Tombs reflect the Egyptians’ beliefs in the afterlife, where the dead would be judged and, if worthy, live forever in paradise.

20. Solar Alignment: Some tombs were aligned with solar events, reflecting the importance of the sun god Ra.

valley of the kings 1

21. Coffin Texts: Inscriptions on coffins provided spells and instructions to aid the deceased in the afterlife.

22. Chamber Layouts: The layout of tombs often mimicked the journey through the underworld, with specific chambers representing different stages.

23. Valley of the Golden Mummies: A nearby site with hundreds of mummies, reflecting continued burial practices into the Roman period but these golden mummies were found in Baharia oasis in the western desert.

24. Economic Impact: The discovery and tourism related to the Valley have significantly impacted the local economy.

25. Howard Carter’s Diary: Provides a detailed account of the discovery and excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb.

26. Stolen Artifacts: Efforts are ongoing to recover artifacts stolen from the tombs and return them to Egypt.

27. 3D Mapping: Modern technology is used to create detailed maps and models of the tombs for study and preservation.

28. Symbolism: Tomb decorations are rich in symbolism, often depicting gods, goddesses, and mythical creatures.

29. Funerary Objects: Items placed in The tombs included furniture, clothing, food, and shabti figures to serve the deceased in the afterlife.

30. Unfinished Tombs: Some tombs were left unfinished, providing insights into the construction process and the sudden deaths of their intended occupants.

The Valley of the Kings remains a source of mystery and fascination, continually revealing new secrets about ancient Egyptian civilization.

If you would like one day to visit this mysterious place and know more about its secerts , check this link here for more details and offers

Written by ATW Updated July 2024

Luxor,is considered as the world’s greatest open-air museum, It has rich history, culture, and architectural marvels. there are many points make luxor one of the most special cities on earth we will cover some of it here like.

Rich history of Luxor:

Luxor, known in ancient times as Thebes, was the capital of Egypt during the height of its New Kingdom (circa 1550–1070 BCE). It served as a religious and political hub, particularly revered for its temples and the Valley of the Kings, where many pharaohs were buried.

Special sites of Luxor:

1. Karnak Temple Complex: This vast open-air museum is one of the largest religious complexes in the world. It was built over approximately 2,000 years and dedicated to the Theban triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu.

2. Luxor Temple: Situated on the east bank of the Nile, this temple was primarily built by Amenhotep III and Ramesses II. It was dedicated to the rejuvenation of kingship.

3. Valley of the Kings: Located on the west bank of the Nile, this valley contains the tombs of pharaohs and powerful nobles, including the famous tomb of Tutankhamun.

4.Valley of the Queens: Similar to the Valley of the Kings but reserved for queens and their children.

5. Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple: A stunning structure built for the female pharaoh Hatshepsut, known for its unique architecture and terraces.

6. Colossi of Memnon: Two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, which have stood for 3,400 years.

luxor temple

The Community of Luxor :

Luxor has a population of around half a million people. The community is a mix of locals deeply rooted in traditional Egyptian culture and a significant number of expatriates and tourists. The people are generally known for their hospitality and deep connection to their heritage.

Economy of Luxor :

The economy of Luxor is heavily reliant on tourism due to its rich historical sites. Agriculture also plays a vital role, with the fertile lands along the Nile supporting the cultivation of crops like sugar cane, bananas, and various vegetables. Additionally, there are efforts to diversify the economy with more modern enterprises and infrastructure development.

Weather in Luxor :

Luxor has a desert climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters.

– Summer (May-September): Temperatures can soar above 40°C (104°F), making it very hot and dry.
– Winter (October-April): Much milder and more comfortable, with temperatures ranging from 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F).
– Rainfall: Extremely scarce, making Luxor one of the driest cities in the world.

Main Activities in Luxor:

1. Sightseeing: Visiting the ancient temples, tombs, and monuments.
2. Hot Air Balloon Rides: Offering stunning aerial views of the landscape and historical sites.
3. Nile Cruises: A popular way to explore other historical sites along the Nile.
4. Local Markets: Shopping for handmade crafts, souvenirs, spices, and traditional clothing.
5. Cultural Festivals: Participating in or observing local festivals and events, which often include traditional music and dance.
6. Museums: Visiting the Luxor Museum and the Mummification Museum for a deeper understanding of ancient Egyptian history and practices.

hot air ballon luxor


Luxor is a city that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and modern-day amenities. Whether you’re an archaeology enthusiast, a history buff, or a casual traveler, Luxor provides a fascinating glimpse into one of the most significant civilizations in human history.

If you willing one dayto visit this great city and to know more about Pharaohs secerts check this link here for more details.

Written by ATW Updated July 2024